Job Serve Africa Country Fact File

Ethiopia

Ethiopia

Ethiopia, is a landlocked country situated in the Horn of Africa. Ethiopia is bordered by Eritrea to the north, Sudan to the west, Kenya to the south, Somalia to the east and Djibouti to the northeast. Its size is 1,100,000 km² with a  population of over 80 million people. Its capital is Addis Ababa. Ethiopia is considered an area of one of the oldest human settlement.

In 1994, a constitution was adopted that led to Ethiopia's first multi-party elections in the following year. In May 1998, a border dispute with Eritrea led to the Eritrean-Ethiopian War that lasted until June 2000. This has hurt the nation's economy, but strengthened the ruling coalition. On 15 May 2005, Ethiopia held another multiparty election, which was a highly disputed one with some opposition groups claiming fraud.

Ethiopia has one of the fastest growing economies in the world, according to The Economist. Ethiopia has showed a fast growing annual GDP and it was the fastest growing non-oil dependent African nation in 2007 and 2008. Agriculture accounts for almost 41 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP), 80 percent of exports, and 80 percent of the labour force. Ethiopia was the original source of the coffee bean, and coffee beans are the country's largest export commodity

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Country Population: 85,254,090
Country Capital: Addis Ababa
Country Currency: Birr

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