Job Serve Africa Country Fact File

Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone

Despite its extensive mineral, agricultural, and fishery resources, Sierra Leone is an impoverished country, and has been rated as the world's poorest nation consistently for the past five years. The eight-year civil war and the subsequent hostilities, which have continued since the signing of the peace accord in July 1999, have seriously affected economic activity, severely damaged the export base, destroyed much of the physical infrastructure and drained resources to support the war effort.

Diamonds are the major source of hard currency. Sierra Leone is very rich in minerals and has relied on mining, especially diamonds, for its economic base. The country has one of the world's largest deposits of rutile, a titanium ore used as welding rod coatings and paint pigment

About 65% of the population engages in subsistence agriculture, which accounts for 52.5% of national income. The government is trying to increase food and cash crop production and upgrade small farmer skills.

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Country Population: 6,144,562
Country Capital: Free Town
Country Currency: Leone

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